The qualitative accuracy of clinical dermatophytes via matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry: a meta-analysis
Dermatophytes are an important part of superficial fungal infections, and accurate diagnosis is paramount for successful treatment. Recently, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has emerged as a powerful tool to identify clinical pathogens; its advantages are cost-effectiveness, rapid detection, and high accuracy. However, as the accurate identification of clinical dermatophytes via MALDI-TOF MS has still not been fully evaluated, we performed a meta-analysis for systematic evaluation it. Fifteen eligible studies were involved and showed high accuracy with an identification ratio of 0.96 (95%CI = 0.92 horizontal line 1.01) and 0.91 (95%CI = 0.86 horizontal line 0.96) at the genus and species levels, respectively. The results showed higher accuracy ratio of Vitek MS (91%) than MALDI Biotyper (85%). Dermatophytes such as Trichophyton interdigitale (0.99, 95%CI = 0.97 horizontal line 1.02), T. mentagrophytes var interdigitale (1.00, 95%CI = 0.98 horizontal line 1.02), and Microsporum canis (0.97, 95%CI = 0.89 horizontal line 1.04) showed high accuracy in detected clinical dermatophytes. Moreover, a library with self-built database set up by laboratories showed higher accuracy than commercial database, and 15-day cultivation for dermatophytes showed highest accuracy considering culture time. High heterogeneity was observed and decreased only with the subgroup analysis of species. The subgroup analysis of mass spectrometry, library database, and culture time also exhibited high heterogeneity. In summary, our results showed that MALDI-TOF MS could be used for highly accurate detection of clinically pathogenic dermatophytes, which could be an alternative diagnostic method in addition to morphological and molecular methods. LAY ABSTRACT: This meta-analysis comprehensively investigated the qualitative accuracy of clinical dermatophytes through MALDI-TOF MS. Owing to the high accuracy observed at both genus and species levels, this approach could be an alternative diagnostic method in addition to morphological and molecular methods.
|ISBN||1460-2709 (Electronic) 1369-3786 (Linking)|
|Authors||Chen, J.; Zheng, F.; Sun, X.; Gao, H.; Lin, S.; Zeng, Y.|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||MEDICAL MYCOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34415045|