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Extracellular Matrix Oxidised by the Granulocyte Oxidants Hypochlorous and Hypobromous Acid Reduces Lung Fibroblast Adhesion and Proliferation In Vitro


Chronic airway inflammation and oxidative stress play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory lung diseases, with airway inflammation being a key driving mechanism of oxidative stress in the lungs. Inflammatory responses in the lungs activate neutrophils and/or eosinophils, leading to the generation of hypohalous acids (HOX). These HOX oxidants can damage the extracellular matrix (ECM) structure and may influence cell-ECM interactions. The ECM of the lung provides structural, mechanical, and biochemical support for cells and determines the airway structure. One of the critical cells in chronic respiratory disease is the fibroblast. Thus, we hypothesised that primary human lung fibroblasts (PHLF) exposed to an oxidised cell-derived ECM will result in functional changes to the PHLF. Here, we show that PHLF adhesion, proliferation, and inflammatory cytokine secretion is affected by exposure to HOX-induced oxidisation of the cell-derived ECM. Furthermore, we investigated the impact on fibroblast function from the presence of haloamines in the ECM. Haloamines are chemical by-products of HOX and, like the HOX, haloamines can also modify the ECM. In conclusion, this study revealed that oxidising the cell-derived ECM might contribute to functional changes in PHLF, a key mechanism behind the pathogenesis of inflammatory lung diseases.

Type Journal
ISBN 2073-4409 (Electronic) 2073-4409 (Linking)
Authors Papanicolaou, M.; He, P.; Rutting, S.; Ammit, A.; Xenaki, D.; van Reyk, D.; Oliver, B. G.
Responsible Garvan Author (missing name)
Publisher Name Cells
Published Date 2021-11-30
Published Volume 10
Published Issue 12
Published Pages 3351
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.3390/cells10123351
URL link to publisher's version