p14ARF protein expression is a predictor of both relapse and survival in squamous cell carcinoma of the anterior tongue
PURPOSE: The INK4A-ARF locus at chromosome 9p21 is frequently altered in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and encodes two distinct tumor suppressors, p16(INK4A) and p14(ARF). This study addressed the role of p14(ARF) as a potential prognostic marker in this disease. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: p14(ARF) protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 140 patients with SCC of the anterior tongue. Using univariate and multivariate Cox's proportional hazards models, the outcomes examined were time to disease recurrence or death, with or without clinicopathologic covariates, including nodal status, disease stage, treatment status, Ki-67 staining, and molecular markers with known functional or genetic relationships with p14(ARF) (p16(INK4A), p53, pRb, p21(WAF1/CIP1), E2F-1). RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, p14(ARF) positivity (nucleolar p14(ARF) staining and/or nuclear p14(ARF) staining in >/=30% of tumor cells) was an independent predictor of improved disease-free survival (DFS; P = 0.002) and overall survival (OS; P = 0.002). This was further enhanced when p14(ARF) positivity was cosegregated with positive (>/=1%) p16(INK4A) staining (DFS, P < 0.001; OS, P < 0.001). Patients whose cancers were p14(ARF) negative and p53 positive (>50%) had the poorest outcome (DFS, P < 0.001; OS, P < 0.001) of any patient subgroup analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: These data show that in patients with SCC of the tongue, combined nuclear and nucleolar expression of p14(ARF) protein predicts for improved DFS and OS independent of established prognostic markers.
|Authors||Kwong, R. A.;Kalish, L. H.;Nguyen, T. V.;Kench, J. G.;Bova, R. J.;Cole, I. E.;Musgrove, E. A.;Sutherland, R. L. :|
|Publisher Name||CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=15930346|