Locating the scala media in the fixed human temporal bone for therapeutic access: a preliminary study
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the location of the scala media in relation to the round window niche in human temporal bones. DESIGN: Ten human temporal bones were investigated by radical mastoidectomy and promontory drill-out. SETTING: Temporal bone laboratory.Outcome measures: The distance from the scala media to the anterior edge of the round window niche, measured by Fisch's stapedectomy measuring cylinders. RESULTS: The scala media was identified at the transection point of a vertical line 1.6 to 2.2 mm (mean=1.8 mm; standard deviation=0.2) anterior to the anterior edge of the round window niche and a horizontal line 0.2 mm inferior to the lower border of the oval window. CONCLUSION: This report demonstrates the point of entry into the scala media via the promontory in fixed temporal bone models, which may provide a site of entry for stem cells and gene therapy insertion.
|Authors||Pau, H.;Fagan, P.;Oleskevich, S. :|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF LARYNGOLOGY AND OTOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=16882361|