Cyclin E expression and outcome in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
The association of high cyclin E expression with poor outcome in some cancers, in particular breast cancer, suggests that it may play an important role in tumor biology. Because the influence of cyclin E expression on outcome is yet to be examined in pancreatic cancer, we assessed the relationship between the expression of cyclin E, p27(Kip1), and survival in a large cohort of pancreatic cancer patients with long-term follow-up. Expression of cyclin E and p27(Kip1) was assessed by immunohistochemistry using tissue microarrays of tumor samples from 118 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (75 resections and 43 biopsies). High cyclin E expression (>10% positive nuclei) was identified in 39 of 118 (33%) patients. This was associated with poor prognosis on univariate analysis in the whole cohort (P = 0.005), as well as in the subgroup of 75 patients who underwent operative resection (P = 0.04). On multivariate analysis, high cyclin E expression was an independent predictor of poor survival in both the entire cohort (P = 0.005) and the resected subgroup (P = 0.03), and was superior to all tested clinicopathologic factors (tumor size, lymph node metastases, differentiation, margin involvement, and perineural invasion) as a marker of survival. Low p27(Kip1) expression (<5% positive nuclei) was present in 41 of 111 (37%) patients, but was not associated with survival, and coexpression of p27(Kip1) did not influence the association of high cyclin E expression with poor survival. High cyclin E expression is a strong independent predictor of poor outcome in patients with pancreatic cancer. Thus, if these data are confirmed in independent cohorts, measurement of cyclin E may add significant prognostic information to the currently used clinicopathologic variables and hence have potential clinical utility in the management of this disease.
|Authors||Skalicky, D. A.;Kench, J. G.;Segara, D.;Coleman, M. J.;Sutherland, R. L.;Henshall, S. M.;Musgrove, E. A.;Biankin, A. V. :|
|Publisher Name||CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17035403|
|OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version||https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/2132|