The Diacylglycerol-dependent translocation of ras guanine nucleotide-releasing protein 4 inside a human mast cell line results in substantial phenotypic changes, including expression of interleukin 13 receptor alpha2
Ras guanine nucleotide-releasing protein 4 (RasGRP4) is a mast cell (MC)-restricted guanine nucleotide exchange factor and diacylglycerol (DAG)/phorbol ester receptor. An RasGRP4-defective variant of the human MC line HMC-1 was used to create stable clones expressing green fluorescent protein-labeled RasGRP4 for monitoring the movement of this protein inside MCs after exposure to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and for evaluating the protein's ability to control gene expression. RasGRP4 resided primarily in the cytosol. After exposure to PMA, RasGRP4 quickly translocated to the inner leaflet of the cell's plasma membrane. 15-30 min later, this signaling protein translocated from the plasma membrane to other intracellular sites. The translocation of RasGRP4 from the cytosol to its varied membrane compartments was found to be highly dependent on Phe(548) in the protein's C1 DAG/PMA-binding domain. Extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 were activated during this translocation process, and c-kit/CD117 was lost from the cell's surface. Transcript-profiling approaches revealed that RasGRP4 profoundly regulated the expression of hundreds of genes in HMC-1 cells. For example, the expression of the transcript that encodes the interleukin (IL) 13 receptor IL-13Ralpha2 increased 61- to 860-fold in RasGRP4-expressing HMC-1 cells. A marked increase in IL-13Ralpha2 protein levels also was found. The accumulated data suggest RasGRP4 translocates to varied intracellular compartments via its DAG/PMA-binding domain to regulate signaling pathways that control gene and protein expression in MCs, including the cell's ability to respond to IL-13.
|Authors||Katsoulotos, G. P.;Qi, M.;Qi, J. C.;Tanaka, K.;Hughes, W. E.;Molloy, T. J.;Adachi, R.;Stevens, R. L.;Krilis, S. A. :|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=18024961|
|OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version||https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/2349|