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Loss of hypothalamic dopaminergic control of prolactin secretion in the hyperprolactinaemic rat


The possibility that chronic hyperprolactinaemia results in loss of the ability of hypothalamic dopamine activity to inhibit prolactin secretion was studied in rats. Two degrees of hyperprolactinaemia (moderate and gross) were induced in the animals following the chronic administration of two different doses of oestradiol valerate. In rats with high chronic serum prolactin concentrations (approximately 20 times normal) there was a profound increase in prolactin secretion following inhibition of brain dopamine (DA) synthesis by 3-iodo-L-tyrosine, indicating intact and highly active hypothalamic DA-inhibitory control of prolactin release. However, the degree of hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release relative to normal controls was significantly reduced. In animals with grossly elevated chronic serum prolactin concentrations (approximately 100 times normal) a prolactin response to DA synthesis inhibition was absent despite a highly significant reduction in hypothalamic DA concentrations induced by 3-iodo-L-tyrosine. These observations show that chronic and gross hyperprolactinaemia in the rat results in loss of hypothalamic DA inhibitory control of prolactin secretion. The use of 3-iodo-L-tyrosine to block brain DA synthesis in these studies has provided significant new data relating to prolactin control in hyperprolactinaemic states and indicates that this compound could be a useful clinical tool in the study of human hyperprolactinaemia.

Type Journal
ISBN 0004-9417 (Print)
Authors Smythe, G. A.;Bradshaw, J. E.;Duncan, M. :
Publisher Name Aust J Biol Sci
Published Date 1982-01-01
Published Volume 35
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 207-13
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version