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The effect of exercise training on glycogen, glycogen synthase and phosphorylase in muscle and liver


It is thought that exercise training in both man and the rat results in a protective effect against the depletion of carbohydrate stores during exercise (glycogen-sparing). However there has been no comprehensive study of the effects of training on glycogen anabolic and catabolic enzymes with liver or muscle. The aim of this study was to examine whether changes in these enzymes occur and whether these changes may provide an explanation for the glycogen-sparing which results from exercise training. Male rats were trained by a treadmill running program at three different workloads. In addition, there were three control groups: free eating (SF), food restricted (SR), and one SF with a single bout of exercise prior to sacrifice. Exercise training was associated with a 60-150% increase in glycogen synthase and phosphorylase and a 50-70% increase in glycogen content in soleus, an intermediate muscle, but not in extensor digitorum longus (EDL), a white muscle nor in liver. The increase in glycogen synthase and phosphorylase in intermediate muscle was proportional to the degree of training and there was a significant correlation between glycogen content, glycogen synthase, and phosphorylase activity in intermediate muscle. Cytochrome c oxidase activity, an indicator of respiratory capacity, increased 50% in gastrocnemius of trained rats and was significantly correlated with glycogen synthase and phosphorylase in soleus. These results indicate a significant effect of exercise training on glycogen anabolic and catabolic enzymes in intermediate muscle, with no significant effects in white muscle or liver. The changes do not provide an explanation for glycogen-sparing, but are consistent with improved capacity of intermediate muscle for rapid glycogen mobilisation and repletion.

Type Journal
ISBN 0301-5548 (Print)
Authors James, D. E.;Kraegen, E. W. :
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Edward Kraegen
Publisher Name Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol
Published Date 1984-01-01
Published Volume 52
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 276-81
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version