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Gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric methodology for simultaneous assay of salsolinol, dopamine, norepinephrine, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and dihydroxyphenylethanol


Synthesis of deuterated (2H4)salsolinol from (2H4)dopamine via a Pictet-Spengler condensation is described. This (2H4)salsolinol is an ideal internal standard to determine picomole (ng) amounts of salsolinol (SAL) in a variety of sample types including urine, plasma, beverages and fruits. The deuterated standard is completely free of contamination by the non-deuterated species. The extraction procedure described is fast, highly efficient and does not lead to artifactual salsolinol formation even in the face of high dopamine concentrations. As well as SAL the method described allows simultaneous determination of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and its two metabolites dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and dihydroxyphenylethanol (DOPET). Each of the analytes is measured as its trifluoroacetyl derivative. Using trifluoroacetic anhydride in conjunction with trifluoroethanol allows simultaneous one-step derivatization of the acid function of DOPAC. All compounds were measured in the single ion monitoring (SIM) mode and quantified using appropriate deuterated internal standards. SAL, DA, DOPET, DOPAC and NE have been quantified in a variety of food and beverage sources. Soy sauce and dried banana have been identified as rich dietary sources of SAL. These data suggest diet should be considered a potentially important source of 'mammalian alkaloids' such as SAL, and the presence of SAL in mammalian systems is not necessarily evidence for an in vivo Pictet-Spengler condensation.

Type Journal
ISBN 0306-042X (Print)
Authors Duncan, M. W.;Smythe, G. A.;Clezy, P. S. :
Publisher Name Biomed Mass Spectrom
Published Date 1985-01-01
Published Volume 12
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 106-14
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version