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Biochemical significance of enhanced activity of fluorinated 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in human cultured cell lines


Several human cancer cells possess receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3[1,25-(OH)2D3]. In these cells 1,25-(OH)2D3 has a biphasic concentration-dependent regulatory effect on cell replication and specifically induces its own metabolism. We have studied the effects on these parameters of the native hormone together with those of two analogues fluorinated at the 24-carbon and of 1,24R,25-trihydroxyvitamin D3[1,24R,25-(OH)3D3]. The difluorinated analogue 24,24-difluoro-1,25-(OH)2D3[24,24-F2-1,25-(OH)2D3] is an approximately fivefold more potent inhibitor of cellular replication than the native hormone, while 1,24R,25-(OH)3D3 is about fivefold less potent. This enhanced potency of the fluorinated analogue parallels its enhanced potency in in vivo studies of its effects on calcium and mineral metabolism. However, although the analogue retains replication stimulatory activity, it is clearly no more potent than the native hormone in this activity: 1,24R,25-(OH)3D3 has no significant stimulatory activity. Exposure of the cells to 1,25-(OH)2D3 at 0.05 nM for 6 h increases the subsequent conversion of labelled hormone to aqueous phase soluble compounds by 6.7-fold. None of the other compounds had a similar effect at this concentration. At 10 nM all 1-hydroxylated compounds increased aqueous phase radioactivity about equally (13 to 17-fold); this effect is still specific since 25-OH D3 had no such effect even at 10 nM. Studies on the effects of the fluorinated analogues upon receptor binding of hormone in cell cytosols and uptake of hormone by intact cells clearly demonstrate that the enhanced activity of these analogues is not due to higher receptor affinity or more rapid access to intracellular receptor.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type Journal
ISBN 0263-6484 (Print)
Authors Eisman, J. A.;Frampton, R. J.;McLean, F. J. :
Published Date 1986-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 4
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 115-22
Status Published In-print