Relationship between hypothalamic noradrenergic neuronal activity and serum 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylene glycol in the rat
It has been suggested that the circulating levels of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylethylene glycol (MHPG), a major end metabolite of noradrenaline (NA), may provide an index of central NA neuronal activity. The aim of this study was to examine in the rat the relationship between serum MHPG and hypothalamic NA neuronal activity during basal conditions, and when hypothalamic NA neuronal activity was stimulated or suppressed. Hypothalamic NA neuronal activity was assessed from the concentrations of the primary neuronal NA metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (DHPG), MHPG, and the DHPG/NA and MHPG/NA ratios. Following 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) and cysteamine administration, hypothalamic NA neuronal activity and serum MHPG rose significantly. In contrast, hypothalamic NA neuronal activity and serum MHPG fell significantly in gentled rats. Serum MHPG correlated significantly with hypothalamic DHPG and the DHPG/NA ratio in control rats, and with hypothalamic DHPG, MHPG, and the DHPG/NA and MHPG/NA ratios in gentled, 2DG- and cysteamine-treated rats. In the latter two groups, serum MHPG also correlated significantly with serum glucose, which is itself closely related to hypothalamic NA neuronal activity. These studies demonstrate a significant relationship between serum MHPG and hypothalamic NA neuronal activity in the rat, so that serum MHPG provides an index of hypothalamic NA neuronal activity in the rat.
|Authors||Grunstein, H. S.;Gleeson, R. M.;Smythe, G. A. :|
|Publisher Name||LIFE SCIENCES|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=3736321|