1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-responsive element and glucocorticoid repression in the osteocalcin gene
The active hormonal form of vitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3[1,25(OH), which regulates cellular replication and function in many tissues and has a role in bone and calcium homeostasis, acts through a hormone receptor homologous with other steroid and thyroid hormone receptors. A 1,25(OH)2D3-responsive element (VDRE), which is within the promoter for osteocalcin [a bone protein induced by 1,25(OH)2D3] is unresponsive to other steroid hormones, can function in a heterologous promoter, and contains a doubly palindromic DNA sequence (TTGGTGACTCACCGGGTGAAC; -513 to -493 bp), with nucleotide sequence homology to other hormone responsive elements. The potent glucocorticoid repression of 1,25(OH)2D3 induction and of basal activity of this promoter acts through a region between -196 and +34 bp, distinct from the VDRE.
|Authors||Morrison, N. A.;Shine, J.;Fragonas, J. C.;Verkest, V.;McMenemy, M. L.;Eisman, J. A. :|
|Published Date||1989-01-01 00:00:00|