Publications Search

Search for publications by author
Search for publications by abstract keyword(s)

Sex differences in peak adult bone mineral density


Osteoporotic fractures are more common in women than men. Although accelerated bone loss following the menopause is recognized as of major importance, it is generally considered that a lower peak adult bone mass in females also contributes to their increased risk of osteoporosis in later life. To examine potential sex differences in peak adult bone mass we studied 29 pairs of dizygotic twins of differing within-pair sex in whom the female twin was premenopausal (mean age 37 years, range 21-55). Bone mineral density (BMD, g/cm2) was measured at the lumbar spine and femoral neck by dual-photon absorptiometry; 22 pairs also had BMD measured in the distal and 21 pairs in the ultradistal radius by single-photon absorptiometry. There was no significant difference in usual dietary calcium intake or tobacco consumption between the twin pairs. Consistent with accepted dogma, BMD at both radial sites were higher (+27%) in the males than their female cotwins. In contrast, there was no sex difference (male versus female) in BMD (mean +/- SEM) in the femoral neck (0.96 +/- 0.02 versus 0.97 +/- 0.03), and surprisingly, the females had a greater lumbar spine BMD than their male cotwins (1.19 +/- 0.03 versus 1.26 +/- 0.03, p less than 0.05). This difference was observed despite the fact that the males were taller (p = 0.033). If the femoral neck BMD values in the females were corrected for this difference in BMI, their values (0.99 +/- 0.03 g/cm2) were significantly higher than those in their male cotwin (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type Journal
ISBN 0884-0431 (Print)
Authors Kelly, P. J.;Twomey, L.;Sambrook, P. N.;Eisman, J. A. :
Published Date 1990-01-01
Published Volume 5
Published Issue 11
Published Pages 1169-75
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version