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Application of physicians' predictions of meal and exercise effects on blood glucose control to a computer simulation


Our aim was to develop a computer simulator program that allows patients to practise insulin dose and dietary adjustment on a day of planned exercise, and shows the resulting blood glucose response in an average diabetic patient. The degree of blood glucose change predicted by the program was determined from changes predicted by five local specialists in seven hypothetical scenarios involving exercise +/- dietary or insulin dose adjustments. The program was then tested against 18 outside specialists' responses in 7 different scenarios. The program simulates the 24 h glycaemic response after 45 min mild or moderate exercise starting 2 h after meals, as well as changes to this response induced by alterations in dietary carbohydrate and/or insulin dose. Coefficients of variation of specialists' blood glucose predictions were greater for exercise (35% local, 31% outside specialists) than dietary change (7% local, 10% outside specialists; p = 0.002-0.04). The program's predicted change in blood glucose levels in the seven scenarios correlated well with the outside specialists' corresponding mean predictions (r = 0.97; p = 0.0001). We conclude that specialists are less consistent in predicting glycaemic change with exercise than with dietary alteration. Nevertheless it is possible to represent their predictions in a computerized simulator for diabetic patient education.

Type Journal
ISBN 0742-3071 (Print)
Authors Hauser, T.;Campbell, L. V.;Kraegen, E. W.;Chisholm, D. J. :
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Edward Kraegen
Published Date 1993-01-01
Published Volume 10
Published Issue 8
Published Pages 744-50
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version