Acute effects of growth factors on T-47D breast cancer cell cycle progression
Growth factors play a major role in the control of human breast cancer cell proliferation but their acute effects on cell cycle progression have not been well studied in these cells. T-47D cells, growth-inhibited by serum deprivation, were induced to re-enter the cell cycle in a concentration- and time-dependent manner by addition of insulin, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). After a lag of approximately 10 h semi-synchronous entry into S phase was observed. The relative potencies of maximal concentrations of growth factors were in the order: insulin approximately IGF-I approximately bFGF > TGF alpha > EGF, identifying bFGF as among the most potent mitogens for these cells. Insulin or IGF-I alone resulted in growth rates comparable with those observed in fetal calf serum. These data demonstrate that single growth factors can induce a significant proportion of T-47D cells to traverse the cell cycle. The kinetics for entry into S phase were similar, indicating that the basis of differential sensitivity to the growth factors tested was the proportion of cells that responded and ultimately entered S phase.
|Authors||Musgrove, E. A.;Sutherland, R. L. :|
|Publisher Name||EUR J CANCER|
|Published Date||1993-01-01 00:00:00|