Mechanisms of rapid bone loss following cardiac transplantation
Rapid bone loss after orthoptic cardiac transplantation (OHTX) is a major problem; however, the mechanisms are poorly understood. To investigate these mechanisms we measured biochemical and hormonal indices of bone turnover serially in 25 patients (21 men, 4 women) after OHTX. Serum osteocalcin was reduced immediately post-OHTX (2.2 +/- 0.5 ng/ml) but rose significantly by 6 and 12 months (14.1 +/- 2.5 and 15.7 +/- 2.2 respectively). Bone resorption indices (urinary hydroxyproline/creatinine and calcium/creatinine ratios) were increased immediately post-OHTX but fell by 6 months. Serum testosterone was reduced in males but recovered towards normal values by 6-12 months. Regression analysis showed lumbar bone loss was predicted independently by the change in both serum osteocalcin and testosterone. The data suggest that bone loss post-OHTX is due to a combination of accelerated turnover and hypogonadism.
|Authors||Sambrook, P. N.;Kelly, P. J.;Fontana, D.;Nguyen, T.;Keogh, A.;Macdonald, P.;Spratt, P.;Freund, J.;Eisman, J. A. :|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=7812075|