Transcriptional activation of the human osteocalcin gene by basic fibroblast growth factor
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) has been detected in bone cells and stimulates osteoblast proliferation; however, its role in the regulation of bone metabolism remains speculative. We demonstrated that the human osteocalcin promoter is activated by bFGF when transfected into rat osteoblastic (ROS 17/2.8) cells. This effect is concentration dependent, with a twofold induction at 10 ng/ml detected after 20 h. The bFGF response is independent of both the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] and retinoic acid activation of the osteocalcin promoter. To identify the promoter sequences through which bFGF exerts its effect, we tested a series of promoter deletion constructs for their response to bFGF. Deletion of the upstream region between -673 and -588 bp results in a significant loss of induction. Gel-shift analysis demonstrates that proteins present in ROS 17/2.8 nuclear extracts bind specifically to these sequences. This region alone was unable to confer the bFGF response on a minimal osteocalcin or an heterologous promoter. However, sequences between -678 and -476 bp, which also includes the vitamin D response element (VDRE), were able to confer bFGF inducibility on both a minimal osteocalcin and a heterologous promoter. These data suggest that induction of the human osteocalcin promoter by bFGF requires the interaction of more than one sequence element.
|Authors||Schedlich, L. J.;Flanagan, J. L.;Crofts, L. A.;Gillies, S. A.;Goldberg, D.;Morrison, N. A.;Eisman, J. A. :|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=8140927|