Progression to steroid autonomy is accompanied by altered sensitivity to growth factors in S115 mouse mammary tumour cells
Progression to steroid autonomy is a major clinical problem in the treatment of steroid-sensitive tumours. Molecular mechanisms remain unknown but recent hypotheses imply a role for growth factors in this progression. Since S115 + A androgen-responsive mouse mammary tumour cells provide a model system to study this phenomenon in vitro, we have used this model to investigate growth factor gene expression and sensitivity during progression from a steroid sensitive to insensitive state. S115 + A androgen-responsive cells showed a positive proliferative response, morphological response and increased saturation density to various forms of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) in both monolayer and suspension culture. A marked synergy was noted, however, between FGF and TGF beta in promoting growth in suspension culture. S115 + A cells possessed mRNA for both acidic FGF (aFGF) and TGF beta 1, both of which were increased by testosterone. Progression to androgen insensitivity was associated with a reversal of growth factor response such that all growth factor responses became generally inhibitory on growth of the unresponsive cells but with a particularly striking synergistic action between FGF and TGF beta 1 on inhibition of both monolayer and suspension growth. Levels of aFGF and TGF beta 1 mRNAs remained low in steroid-insensitive S115-A cells, indicating that loss of response was not associated with any constitutive upregulation of endogenous production of one of these growth factors. The scientific and clinical implications are discussed.
|Authors||Daly, R. J.;Carrick, N.;Darbre, P. D. :|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||JOURNAL OF STEROID BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=7632611|