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G/C element contributes to the cell line-specific expression of the proximal osteocalcin promoter


Sequential activation of cell type-specific genes occurs during osteoblast development. The promoter of one such gene, osteocalcin, has been widely studied, but the DNA sequences that govern osteoblast-specific expression have not been defined. The proximal osteocalcin promoter linked to pTKCAT directs strong promoter activity in osteoblast-like ROS17/2.8 cells and comparatively weak promoter activity in nonosteoblastic NIH3T3 cells. To identify sequences important in conferring cell-specific expression of the osteocalcin gene, a deletion series of the human proximal promoter was constructed and the activities assessed in ROS17/2.8 and NIH3T3 cells. These studies identified a 30 bp sequence within the proximal promoter (osteocalcin repressor element-1 [ORE-1]) which is responsible for repressing the transcriptional activity in NIH3T3 cells. In electrophoretic mobility shift assays from both NIH3T3 and ROS17/2.8 cells, a protein complex bound to the ORE-1 that was related to a complex which binds the G/C-rich repressor element in the collagen type I (alpha 1) promoter. In addition, there was a second complex from NIH3T3 cells but not ROS17/2.8 cells that bound the ORE-1 fragment. The presence of this additional factor in NIH3T3 cells parallels the observation that constructs carrying the ORE-1 sequence have repressed promoter activity relative to the analogous constructs lacking the ORE-1 when transfected into NIH3T3 and suggests that the NIH3T3-specific factor is a repressor. These data indicate that the G/C element in the ORE-1 contributes to the repression of osteocalcin gene transcription in a nonosteoblast cell line. The high homology between the ORE-1 sequence and a related sequence in the collagen type I (alpha 2) proximal promoter suggests that homologous regions in other osteoblast-expressed genes may function similarly.

Type Journal
ISBN 0730-2312 (Print)
Authors Goldberg, D.;Gardiner, E.;Morrison, N. A.;Eisman, J. A. :
Published Date 1995-01-01
Published Volume 58
Published Issue 4
Published Pages 499-508
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version