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rHox: a homeobox gene expressed in osteoblastic cells


Homeodomain proteins are characterized by a conserved domain with a helix-turn-helix motif. These proteins act as regulatory factors in tissue differentiation and proliferation. However, their role in the regulation of osteoblast differentiation is unknown. In this study we have identified and characterized a homeobox gene in osteoblast-like cells. This gene, termed rHox, was isolated from a cDNA library derived from rat osteoblast-like cells. The nucleotide sequence of the 1,375 base pair (bp) cDNA contains a noncoding leader sequence of 329 bp, a 735 bp open reading frame, and 312 bp of 3' noncoding sequence. Sequence comparison demonstrates that rHox is identical to the mouse Pmx gene (also called MHox) at the amino acid level and 90% homologous at the nucleotide level. Both Southwestern blotting and gel shift analyses indicate that rHox has potential to bind both the collagen I alpha 1 and the osteocalcin promoters. Transfection experiments using an rHox expression vector showed a strong repression of target promoter activity, regardless of whether the target promoters contained homeodomain binding response elements. These data suggest that rHox is a potent negative regulator of gene expression, although the specific role of rHox in bone gene regulation remains to be determined.

Type Journal
ISBN 0730-2312 (Print)
Authors Hu, Y.;Flanagan, J.;Brennan, D. P.;Zhou, H.;Ng, K. W.;Eisman, J. A.;Morrison, N. A. :
Published Date 1995-01-01
Published Volume 59
Published Issue 4
Published Pages 486-97
Status Published in-print
URL link to publisher's version