Mutation of an arginine residue in the human glycine receptor transforms beta-alanine and taurine from agonists into competitive antagonists
Agonist binding to the inhibitory glycine receptor (GlyR) initiates the opening of a chloride-selective channel that modulates the neuronal membrane potential. Point mutations of the GlyR, substituting Arg-271 with either Leu or Gln, have been shown to underlie the inherited neurological disorder startle disease (hyperekplexia). We show that these substitutions result in the redistribution of GlyR single-channel conductances to lower conductance levels. Additionally, the binding of the glycinergic agonists beta-alanine and taurine to mutated GlyRs does not initiate a chloride current, but instead competitively antagonizes currents activated by glycine. These findings are consistent with mutations of Arg-271 resulting in the uncoupling of the agonist binding process from the channel activation mechanism of the receptor.
|Authors||Rajendra, S.;Lynch, J. W.;Pierce, K. D.;French, C. R.;Barry, P. H.;Schofield, P. R. :|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=7826634|