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Steroidal regulation of cell cycle progression


Sex steroid hormones and their antagonists have well-defined mitogenic and growth-inhibitory effects on target cells including cancer cells. These effects are mediated by cell cycle phase-specific actions, implying that steroids control rates of cell cycle progression by regulating the expression of key cell cycle regulatory genes. An emerging model of cell cycle control involves transcriptional induction of cyclin genes and consequent activation of cyclin-dependent kinases, which initiate cellular events necessary to complete checkpoints within the cell cycle. Our recent studies have focused on the roles of G1 cyclins, particularly cyclin D1, in the control of cell cycle progression in human breast cancer cells. These studies show that cyclin D1 induction is an early response to mitogenic stimulation by oestrogens and progestins, is rate-limiting for G1 progression and is sufficient for completion of the cell cycle in cells arrested in early G1 phase by serum deprivation. Furthermore, inhibition of cyclin D1 expression is an early response to growth-inhibitory anti-oestrogens. These results suggest that cyclin D1 is a target for regulation of cell cycle progression by sex steroids and their antagonists.

Type Journal
ISBN 0300-5208 (Print)
Authors Sutherland, R. L.;Hamilton, J. A.;Sweeney, K. J.;Watts, C. K.;Musgrove, E. A. :
Publisher Name Ciba Found Symp
Published Date 1995-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 191
Published Pages 218-28; discussion 228-34
Status Published In-print